How „50 YEARS“ works
As a first step, please open your internet explorer. As a second step, please open the page web/index.htm. Then you will find your way easily through the documents…
Let me introduce you as well to the tabulation system before you get started:
The tabulations and columns are polyfunctional. The task was to present each live performance, interview and release most clearly and precisely, and in chronological order.
From left to right:
This column includes the date of activity or publication respectively. These dates are normally given in chronological order. In those cases, where no exact information was available, but only (for example) the month, these dates are put behind known dates. Those recordings that took more than one day are ranged in by the date of their start. In those cases where only the season is known the data is ranged in after certain months: spring comes after “March”, summer after “June”, autumn after “September”. In those cases where only the year of the recording or release is known, the data was ranged in towards the end of the respective year.
That makes the following system:
Early 19xx - (JANUARY) - early January - 1. 1., 2. 1., etc., - 5. 1. - 18. 1. - 6. 1. etc. - 15. 1. - mid Jan. - 16. 1. etc. 31. 1. - January (exact date unknown) - late/end January - Jan./Feb. - Jan. - June - (FEBRUARY) - (MARCH) - Spring - etc. - late/end 19xx - 19xx - 19xx.
This column shows the name of the artist.
In this column the guest activities of one or more of the Fab Four are presented. These are the codes used:
J John Lennon perc. playing percussion
P Paul McCartney keyb. playing keyboards
R Ringo Starr tamb. playing tambourine
vcl. (sharing) lead vocals comp. working as composer
b.vcl. contributing backing vocals cocomp. working as co-composer
g.: playing guitar prod. doing the production
b.g. playing bass guitar ex.prod. acting as executive producer
el.g. playing electric guitar coprod. sharing the production job
ac.g. playing acoustic guitar
l.g. playing lead guitar
sl.g. playing slide guitar
This code means “activity” and stands for all sorts of recording or performance (there´s no remark in this section in cases of release!)
The codes are:
sess. informal session Int interview
demo home demo speech public speech
sreh studio rehearsal Rrec recordings designed for radio broadcast
stud studio work Trec recordings designed for TV broadcast
live live appearance Frec recordings designed for film releases
lreh live rehearsal (i.e. warm-up
This column shows the format of a release or broadcast (there´s no remark in this section in cases of recording!)
The codes are:
S 7” single record CDS compact disc single
MS 12” (“maxi”) single record CD compact disc
EP 7” extended single record 2CD double compact disc, and so on
LP 12” Longplayer (vinyl album) VID video tape
DLP 12” vinyl double album DVD digital video disc
3LP 12” vinyl triple album, and so on LasD laser disc
BOX vinyl or compact disc box
FOL vinyl 7” flexi disc rTX radio broadcast
Sha vinyl shape disc tTX television broadcast
A “b” preceding the code means “bootleg”
A “p” preceding the code stands for a promo-release.
This odd column shows the number of a concert in a series of concerts (i.e. a tour or more-than-one-day-series of appearances)
Place * Event * Title * Details
a) In cases of recordings, the name of the event and of the recording/performance location is given first of all. Then - in some instances - the name(s) of the artist(s) performing as side-artists is given, too. The same goes for the name of the interviewer. Often you will find track titles given in bold letters. This marks a finished, officially released track.
b) In cases of a release, the title(s) of the release is shown. If there are more than two tracks included, the titles are given in the “Title * Tracks” column more to the right.
“Details” mean take number, remix number, recording specifications, date of remix, and length of the track.
Alternate recording or release data is given in [ ] in the “sources” column.
The discography columns:
Special discographies are interspersed in every case of a recorded event. You will find (as complete as possible) data concerning (in this order)
- original broadcasts
- original releases
are shown chronologically, in the case of bootleg entries in alphabetical order.
The deadline was - in most cases - 31. December 2000. In some instances even
newer releases are listed. It will
be the task of a later issue to up-date the discographies.
It will be the task of a later issue to up-date the discographies.
This and the
following columns are used predominantly in the context of (special)
discographies. In the first column you find - in cases of releases and
broadcasts - the country of publication. The
This column shows the format of a release/broadcast and uses the same codes as detailed above.
This column shows the date of a release/broadcast.
Title * Tracks * [Source]
listing the titles of a released album, CD or whatever, this column shows
titles and tracks of discography entries as well as [information about the data
source and different opinions]. In case of bootleg releases, the data source is
given most regularly. In some
instances, entries are shown bold.
In some instances, entries are shown bold.These entries either mean official, original releases or show track details which are ignored in the Place * Event * Title * Details
LB * R/M.NR
The last column gives the label and the catalogue number (in some instances the matrix number) of a release.
The abbreviations mean:
Cap(itol) Mfp (Music for Pleasure)
DH (Dark Horse) Shelt(er)
Font(ana) UA (United Artists)
Harv(est) VJ (Vee Jay)
Imp(erial) WB (Warner Brothers)
To make the whole thing even more transparent, several colours are used to signify certain entries:
Red: Beatles studio work and original releases
Blue: Live appearances (shows, tours, benefit concerts)
Green: Beatles radio or TV productions
Orange: Releases of various artists (samplers)
Grey: Informal work like sessions, demos, studio rehearsals, or soundchecks
Black: Interviews, special release formats as promo records, demo records, etc.
find the "loudspeaker"
button in .doc files,
just click and enjoy an audio file containing an interview.
In .pdf files these buttons don´t work (for whatever reason), but mark a yellow
frame directly above which leads you to the sound file.
In .pdf files these buttons don´t work (for whatever reason), but mark a yellow frame directly above which leads you to the sound file.
Wherever there are pictures of record sleeves given, just click and get a bigger version of it.